A Review on Driving Styles and Non-Driving Related Tasks in Automated Vehicle


  • M. N. A. M. Norzam
  • J. Karjanto Fac. of Mechanical Eng., Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • N. Md Yusof
  • M. Z. Hasan
  • A. F. H. Zulkifli
  • S. Sulaiman
  • A. A. Ab Rashid


Ride comfort, driving style, autonomous vehicle, non-driving related tasks (NDRT)


Until today, most passengers would still feel uncomfortable and experience motion sickness, in the worst case, when doing activities such as reading and using portable devices inside a moving vehicle. Passengers' discomfort occurs because the vehicle is moving in unexpected ways, and it is worse when the passengers are engaged in tasks that take their eyes off the road or known as non-driving-related tasks (NDRTs). In the last two decades, various studies have investigated humans' comfort when riding an Autonomous Vehicle (AV). This review paper summarizes how future AV users will feel comfortable engaging in NDRTs in partial or fully automated driving. Human and AV driving styles have also been reviewed and listed out the range of acceleration and deceleration from different scenarios. The review then focuses on the various NDRTs preferred by users from all over the world and the factors (seating positions and type of trips/journeys) that affect the users when they are engaging in different kinds of NDRTs in the AV. This review would increase the knowledge and awareness that must be considered in the AV’s design process to facilitate comfort for the users when performing NDRTs in automated driving.




How to Cite

M. N. A. M. Norzam, “A Review on Driving Styles and Non-Driving Related Tasks in Automated Vehicle”, JSAEM, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 152–165, Sep. 2022.



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